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Medical Procedures for Treating Excessive Sweating

Excessive sweating, or hyperhidrosis, is a common condition that can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. While sweating is a natural response to regulate body temperature, some people experience an abnormal level of sweating, particularly in specific areas like the underarms, forehead, hairline, hands, and feet. This can be an inconvenience and a source of embarrassment.
There are effective medical procedures used to treat excessive sweating in these specific regions.

Topical Antiperspirants and General Home Treatments

One of the first-line treatments for excessive sweating involves the use of topical antiperspirants. These products contain aluminium-based compounds that temporarily block sweat ducts, reducing the amount of sweat produced. This is the general way to deal with underarm sweat, and this can be useful for mild to moderate cases of hyperhidrosis. Soaking the feet in strong, cold tea can remove moderate sweating on the feet. But this method is impractical on other areas of the body.

Scalp Infections

Excessive sweating on the scalp or around the hairline might be caused by a scalp infection. Of course, removing the infection will remove the sweating problem. This may take several weeks to be effective, but the results are long-lasting. A medical inspection of the scalp can determine the underlying cause of the sweating.


Iontophoresis is a non-invasive procedure often used to treat excessive sweating in the hands and feet. It involves placing the affected areas in the water while a low electrical current is passed through. This disrupts the sweat gland activity, providing relief from excessive sweating. Iontophoresis is generally considered safe and is often used when other treatments have not been effective.

Prescription Medications

Certain oral medications, such as anticholinergics, can be prescribed to reduce excessive sweating. These medications work by blocking the chemical messenger acetylcholine, which stimulates sweat glands. However, they may have side effects, and their use is often considered when other treatments are not suitable.

Microwave Thermolysis

Microwave thermolysis is a relatively newer procedure approved for treating axillary hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating in the underarms). It uses microwave energy to target and destroy sweat glands, leading to a significant reduction in sweat production. This treatment is minimally invasive and can provide long-lasting results.

Surgical Options (Sympathectomy)

In severe cases of hyperhidrosis, when other treatments have failed, surgical options may be considered. Sympathectomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting or clamping the sympathetic nerves responsible for triggering sweat production. This surgery is reserved for specific cases due to its irreversible nature and potential side effects.

Excessive sweating in areas like the underarms, forehead, hairline, hands, and feet can be challenging, but various medical procedures offer effective solutions. The choice of treatment depends on the cause of the condition, the severity of the condition, the specific areas affected, and individual preferences. It’s essential for individuals experiencing hyperhidrosis to consult with a healthcare professional who can assess their condition and recommend the most suitable course of action based on factual information and the latest medical advancements.